Investment guide

New tax year, new tax changes

As the new tax year approaches, you might want to know about possible changes to what you’ll pay in tax. In his Autumn Statement last November, Chancellor Jeremy Hunt announced a series of tax freezes and adjustments.

While there are no personal tax rises, the fact that some rates have been frozen following a year of rising prices means we’re likely see more people fall into the higher rate category and find themselves paying more tax as wages increase.

The changes below only apply to residents in England, Wales and Northern Ireland, and different levels apply in Scotland.

Here are some key points we think are worth knowing.

New additional rate threshold

One of the biggest changes was the drop in the additional rate tax threshold. From April 2023, the 40% tax band for the higher rate will change from £50,271-£150,000 to £50,271-£125,140. Anything over that in the additional rate will be taxed 45%. The threshold for the personal allowance and basic rate are unchanged, frozen until 2028.

It’s worth highlighting though that the 45% rate only applies to the income over £125,140 and not the total income.

National insurance rate freeze

There were several changes made to national insurance in 2022 as rates went up by 1.25% before being removed again in November. This reversal is expected to remain for this coming year, so you’ll pay 12% on any earnings between £12,570 and £50,270, and 2% on anything over that.

Inheritance tax band freeze

The nil-rate band – the amount that can be left in an estate or gifted without paying any inheritance tax – is being frozen at £325,000 until 2028. Anything beyond that will be charged at 40%. Also, the residence nil-rate band, which applies when your home is left to direct descendants, will stay at £175,000.

Capital gains and dividend allowance cuts

Any profits made from selling an asset, such as additional property or investments, is known as capital gains. The tax-free allowance for this in 2022-23 was £12,300 but it’s being cut to £6,000 from April 2023. And it’s expected to be cut again in April 2024, to just £3,000. The capital gains tax rates after this free allowance will remain the same depending on which tax band you fall into.

Similar cuts are being made to the dividend allowance – the money paid out from shares – with the tax-free allowance being cut from £2,000 to £1,000 in April 2023, and to £500 in 2024. The income tax rates after this free allowance will remain the same depending on which tax band you fall into.

ISAs untouched

There are no changes made to ISA allowances. So individuals still have an allowance of £20,000 to put into a stocks and shares ISA or cash ISA in a tax year. For Junior ISAs (JISAs), the allowance remains at £9,000.

The capital gains made from ISAs aren’t subjected to capital gains tax. It’s worth remembering though that you can only contribute to one stocks and shares ISA and one cash ISA in a given tax year. 

Council tax rise

Some local authorities could be raising council tax by 3% in April 2023, with those qualifying for a social care precept also able to increase it by a further 2%. So some people could see their council tax bill rise by 5%.

Stamp duty shake up

The changes made to stamp duty in September last year will stay in place until 2025. This means first time buyers won’t need to pay stamp duty on the first £425,000 of the property they buy, raised from £300,000. Existing homeowners won’t have to pay stamp duty on the first £250,000, up from £125,000.

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We're here to help, but please be aware that we cannot offer any tax advice. We recommend you contact an independent tax advisor to discuss your personal tax situation.

Tax reliefs referred to are those applying under current legislation, which may change. The availability and value of any tax reliefs will depend on your individual circumstances.

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